What is Eczema?

Eczema refers to a skin condition that results in red, chapped and itchy skin. Eczema is classified as an autoimmune condition, in which the immune system reacts against the body’s own proteins and molecules, as though it were an invading foreign molecule, resulting in skin rash and the associated discomfort. For more information on types of eczema, please refer to literature describing your specific type of eczema.

The number of people with dermal issues, such as eczema, particularly children, is on the rise. Eczema is an inflammatory condition with red, itchy and at times bumpy skin. For more information on symptoms, please click here. Approximately 2-3% of the general population suffers from eczema, however, this is as high as 20% in children and this number seems to be on the rise. The reason behind this is not fully understood, however, the improvement in the standard of living and also the increase in the use of cleaning chemicals and pharmaceutical products are thought to play an important role.

Eczema has been described by physicians as far back as the Romans and the Greeks, however the fact that eczema has now been classified as an autoimmune condition is a relatively recent discovery. Autoimmunity is a condition where the person’s own immune system attacks their own body. There are many types of autoimmune conditions and in the case of eczema, there are many types of eczema, although all eczema conditions generally result in very itchy and inflamed condition.

At present the most widely prescribed products for the treatment of autoimmune skin conditions are steroidal-based creams and ointments. Although these products are effective in the short term in treating these skin conditions, the long-term use often leads to reduced efficacy and also steroid dependency. Most parents are not keen on using any products that are steroidal in nature, either for themselves, or particularly for their children. For more information, please click here.

GNP Australia is conducting a clinical trial for eczema. If you are interested or might know someone who would be interested in participating in this trial, please click here for more information.

The list below shows some of the more common forms of eczema: